Today is centenary of 'Jana Gan Man...'
December 27, 2011 :
By Brahmarshi Dr. P. V. Vartak
Our National Anthem was first sung at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on 27th December 1911. ‘Jana Gan Man…’ is composed by late Ravindranath Tagore precisely at the time of the visit of the British King George V. Many are not reconciled to accept this truth. They question, ‘How will Ravindranath ever do so ?’ Their mind has already taken a side in the controversy. They have already prepared an opinion. If our mind is calm and steady, we do not create an opinion in advance. Let us examine some evidences to indicate that the song was composed to welcome the King George V
The national anthem we sing today is not complete. For the convenience of the readers we are reproducing the entire text of the national anthem at the end of the article.
1. The song was composed precisely at the time of the visit of British King George V in December 1911 to Hindusthan.
2. In this song, the ‘Adhinayak’ (‘The Lord of the masses of India’) has been hailed. In 1911, when Hindustan was in slavery, there was no lord of the masses. ‘Adhinayak’ means the most superior hero. In those days, the British emperor was considered as the ‘Adhinayak’.
3. ‘Bharat Bhagya Vidhata’ means he who decides the destiny of Bharat. The destiny of the Bharat which was languishing in slavery was then decided by the British emperor alone. Thus the King George V can only be considered eligible to be hailed as ‘Bharat Bhagya Vidhata’ and no other Indian leader.
4. Some people argue that ‘perhaps the Congress president may have been referred to as Adhinayak and Bharat Bhagya Vidhata’. However, the stanzas 2 and 3 are in complete variance of this stance. The second stanza says, ‘Purab Paschim Aase Tava Sinhasan Pase’. When the song was composed, there was no throne for any Indian leader and no Indian had ruled the East or West direction. There was only one emperor in the world with a throne who ruled the East and West at that time and it was the British King George V.
5. With the words ‘Tava Charane Nata Matha …. Rajeshwar Bharat Bhagya Vidhata’, Tagore was bowing his head in reverence in front of an emperor. It is but natural to conclude that he was bowing his head in front of the King George V. As per Indian tradition, ‘Rajeshwar’ means the God of Kings. That time, not a single Indian king was independent. King George V was the only independent king of Hindusthan. The local kings of princely states were ruled by the British emperor and were at his mercy.
6.‘Gahe tava jaya gatha’. Who was victorious in 1911 A.D. in Hindustan ? None. Hence it can safely be inferred that Tagore was praising the victory of King George. In those days, the British emperor was hailed throughout the world. Tagore also lent his voice in the chorus by singing this song.
Ravindranath imitated British style and changed his name to Tagore !
By 1911 A.D., the Indians were greatly influenced by the British. Ravindranath Thakur (Tagore) also was equally influenced. In keeping with the British style, he discarded his original surname ‘Thakur’ and adopted a new name ‘Tagore’. It was a sheer psychological slavery. Everyone in the country bowed his head in front of the British. No wonder, Ravindra also could not have resisted the heavy pressure of British education.
Pak province in India’s anthem – a rank denigration !
No doubt, the Congress government selected this song as a national anthem in 1947; but it is against the truth. India was partitioned in 1947. The entire Sindh, half of Punjab and half of Bengal had gone to Pakistan. How did they get a place in India’s national anthem ? Had I been the prime minister or president of Pakistan, I would taken strong objection to this and would have compelled India to remove these lines. But no one realised the bitter truth.
Savarkar’s vision that Gandhi would reject ‘Vande Mataram’ !
‘Vande Mataram’ was accepted by all as a national anthem; but when a few Muslims took objection to it, Gandhiji promptly discarded ‘Vande Mataram’. Surprisingly, Swatatryaveer Savarkar had already said in 1938 that Gandhi would reject it.
Bengali men - proud to be mental slave to the British as against Bengali women –
proud to preserve Indian culture !
British rule on Bengal dated back to 18th century. It was the Bengal state which the British won first in India. From then onward, the Bengali people were in awe of the British. History never recorded that the Bengalis rebelled against the British any time. More than any other state in India, the British had great hold on the Bengali people. This was evident from the fact that many Bengali men changed their names and
adopted the British style of names.
For example, the Chattopadhyay surname was transformed into Chatterji. Mukhopadhyay became Mukherjee. Bandopadhyay became Banerjee. The sole reason for this was that there was no self-esteem left in Bengal ! The influence of the British was so great on the Bengalis that they started behaving like the British. However, one cannot find such a change in the Bengali women. They preserved Hindu culture. They never adopted British clothes. The Bengali men grossly lacked self-esteem ! Naturally, Ravindrababu happened to be one of them !
Employee of Shantiniketan tell proudly - ‘Ravindranath was drinking alcohol’
Let me narrate to you my experience during my visit to Shantiniketan for a conference. During leisure time, I, along with friends, went to see the house of Ravindrababu in Shantiniketan. We were told to remove shoes at the gate. Shoes were prohibited inside the room. After removing the shoes we entered the room. In the first room, we were shown the place where Ravindrababu used to sit.
There was a table in the centre of the room flanked by four chairs. A bottle of alcohol and a few glasses were kept on the table. The employees proudly narrated to us that Ravindrababu used to drink alcohol. We wondered whether he had told us to remove shoes merely to show the arrangement of bar.
Anglicised Ravindranath from head to toe !
The other contemporary veteran Maharashtrian leaders such as Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, Lokmanya Tilak, Agarkar, Swatatryaveer Savarkar etc. never had such a bar in their house; because these great men never touched alcohol. It was in the British rule that it was a matter of pride to drink alcohol ! Ravindranath Tagore willingly fell prey to it ! No wonder, such a poet who is devoid of self-esteem had raised slogans of hail for the British emperor. There is no doubt that a poet who changed his name on British style would glorify the British king.
God alone got this article done from me !
I have narrated the entire truth to the readers because my mind is fond of truth. I perform the spiritual practice of Yoga. So my mind is always connected to God. I think nobody has realised so far this truth. God alone has presented it before me and got this article written from me. I end this article by paying obeisance to God and submitting my mind at His Holy feet.
Source : Hindu JanJagruti Samiti
Whole lyrics of 'Jana Gan Man...'
जनगणमन अधिनायक जय हे, भारत भाग्य विधाता
पंजाब सिंधु गुजरात मराठा द्राविड उत्कल बंग
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा उच्छल जलधितरंग
तव शुभ नामे जागे, तव शुभ आशिष मागे
गाहे तव जय गाथा
जनगणमंगलदायक जय हे, भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे ।।१।।
अहरह तव आव्हान प्रचारित सुनि, तव उदार वाणी
हिंदु बौद्ध सिख जैन पारसिक मुसलमान खिस्तानी
पूरब पश्चिम आसे, तव सिंहासन पासे
प्रेमहार हय गाथा
जनगणऐक्यविधायक जय हे, भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे ।।२।।
पतनअभ्युदयबंधुर पंथा युगयुग धावित यात्री
तुम चिर सारथी, तव रथचक्रे मुखरित पथ दिन रात्री
दारुण विप्लव माजे, तव शंखध्वनि बाजे
जनगण पथ परिचायक जय हे, भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे ।।३।।
घोरतिमिरघननिबिड निशीथे पीडित मूर्छित देशे
जागृत छिल तव अविचल मंगल नत नयने अनिमेषे
दु:स्वप्ने आतंके, रक्षा करिले अंके
स्नेहमयी तुमी माता
जनगण दु:ख त्रायक जय हे, भारत भाग्यविधाता
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय जय हे ।।४।।
रात्र प्रभातिल उदिल रविच्छवि पुर्व उदयगिरि भाले
गाहे विहंगम पुण्य समीरण नवजीवन रस ढाले
तव करुणारुण रागे, निद्रित भारत जागे
तव चरणे नत माथा
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे,
जय जय जय जय हे, भारत भाग्यविधाता ।।५।।